Best Practice: exercise intensity from Nicole Schott

We continue with our Best Practice series. Seppi Neuhauser ( tells us how he used the HRV to check the training intensity of Nicole Schott, who is a figure skater.


Monitoring a normal training routine of Nicole Schott, a figure skater, with the HRV sports

Training report:

She was measured on a normal training morning in figure skating. Because of the many stimuli it is important to keep the balance between pressure and relief. Here is a rough look into the training sessions:


1st training session: icetraining

In this unit the focus was set on “specific endurance”. The data following below stands for a free skate without elements. This means that the specific condition is trained. With a NPB * of 128, clearly an over-stimulus has been created.

2nd training session: icetraining

Warm up with running ABC, jump rope, complex mobility exercises, etc…

It’s nice to see how the muscular level (the VLF area) and the performance readiness or focus (the LF area) get very intense at the end. Also the pulmonary system (the HF area) adapts. The HRV has been used to optimize the warm-up. This optimization gives us the security to cope with the coming burdens.




It’s good to see which pressure Nicole Schott has to handle in the first 10 minutes of the second training session. The NPB of 159 is overreaching and shows how physical and psychic stimulation works. Subjective effort level of the athlete is 8 or 9 out of 10.





It turns out that the stress in the training is well processed. All frequencies increased slightly. The total load has been intentionally set with 107 NPB.

3rd training session: athletic training

In this training, the goal was to achieve an intensity that could be compared to the sport.

Content was an endurance course over 1 km, with 6 different exercises that should simulate the muscular work.

With a NPB of 154 and 125 the stress setting was successful, considering that in a free skate without elements a NPB of 159 was reached. Also nice to see in the detailed graphics is, that all frequencies have been stressed very much.



After so many stimuli, it is very important to cool down. Here we can see 5 minutes, in which Nicole Schott comes down optimally. All values are in the green range. Now her system can optimally initiate the regeneration and thus allow the adaptation of the performance.






Nicole Schott, who is a German figure skater, has been accompanied for several years by the HRV-professional and professional athlete Seppi Neuhauser with the HRV.


Fotos: Copyright Höffner,


*NPB (Neuro-physiological strain): means the effect on the cardio-repiratory vitality in the training (basically endurance).

NPB values:

< 0 =>  subliminal, regenerative actions recommended; 0-30 =>  sustaining function, 30-95/100 => boosting function (level above treshold), >95/100 =>  overreaching

NPB is exclusively important for the training and is activated by the entry of the activity “sport”.


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